Most of us will use a computer but do you know what a mouse is and how many types there are? If you are using a computer, you must have used a mouse, but do you know what a mouse is and how it works?
Despite its status as all other devices like monitor, keyboard, speaker, and mouse, it controls everything on the screen in a way. So why not know about its different types before buying it?
We all know that we are surrounded by technology. All the tasks we use in our daily work are related to technology in one way or another. This technology not only makes our work easier but also faster which saves us a lot of time.
Do you know what is the most important thing to run a computer? If you thought about a mouse, you guessed right. Because all the activities on the computer screen are controlled only by the mouse.
Also, it is very important to know what are the types of the mouse. If seen, there are many types of mouse and they are used according to our needs. So today in this post we will get information about the type of mouse. So what’s the delay, let’s get started and know what this mouse is and what it does.
What is a mouse
A mouse is an input device. It is a pointing device used to communicate with a PC. The mouse is mainly used to select, navigate and open and close various objects on the computer screen. Using the mouse, the user directs the computer to perform a task. Through this, the user can access anywhere on the computer screen.
There are different mouse models with different features and connectivity, but almost all models have two mouse buttons and a scroll wheel. Mouse interfaces are different, meaning they are a means of connecting to a computer or other system. Then learn more about the mouse.
What is the full shape of a mouse?
The full form of the mouse is a manual utility for selecting items. The full name of Mouse in Hindi would be something like, “Manual utility for selection of tools”.
A mouse is a small pointing device that a computer user places on a desk surface and uses. It can be used to point, select, click, drag, drop and scroll across the display screen, while also being able to select one or two actions from that position.
About the mouse
Here below, I will walk you through the functions of the mouse. This will make it easier for the user to use the mouse.
- Moving Mouse Cursor – This is the basic function which is to move the mouse cursor across the screen.
- Open or execute a program – Using the mouse, the user can click on any icon, folder, or other program to open and execute it.
- Select – The mouse can be used to selecand, highlight text.
- Drag and Drop – User can easily drag and drop any document.
- Hover – You can hover over objects using the mouse. Hover means that when you hover the cursor over an object, it will display whatever information is available about it.
- Scroll – Using the mouse, you can scroll up and down to view a large document in its entirety.
Types of Mouse Interfaces
Over time, many different mouse interfaces have evolved along with the advancement of technology. Here I am going to tell you about some such interfaces:
This is the oldest type of mouse on this list that is no longer in use, but you can see it in some machines in government offices.
It has a serial connector (a DE-9F D-subminiature) and requires a free serial port to connect to a PC. It is usually a corded type of mouse and it draws power from the serial port to run itself. This serial mouse is also called cold pluggable, which means that it should be connected to the computer only when the computer is turned off.
This PS/2 mouse is an upgraded version of the Serial Mouse. Due to their arrival, people are more attracted towards them. They can still be purchased as many motherboard manufacturers still provide a PS/2 port. This PS/2 connector (Mini-DIN) is circular and has 6 pins, due to their design, they are only inserted when correctly aligned with the port. PS/2 mouse are also cold pluggable.
If we talk about now, nowadays we use mouse with USB interface which requires free USB port. They are either corded or cordless/wireless. These are hot pluggable, in serial and PS/2 counterparts.
This means that you can use them even when the computer is running, there is no risk to the mouse or the computer.
Cordless or wireless mouse transmit data via infrared radiation or radio (i.e. Bluetooth). Here a serial or USB port is used to connect the receiver to the computer, or a built in component such as Bluetooth. Today’s modern non-Bluetooth wireless mouse use USB receivers. While some can be safely stored inside the mouse, there are also “nano” receivers, designed to be so small that they’re always connected to your laptop or system. These are the latest types of mouse that do not require a cable to connect. Where some wireless mouse connect via a USB receiver, others via a Bluetooth connection. This type of mouse is powered by a battery which is AA type.
A basic PC mouse design
If you use a PC, you must have used a mouse. You will find this mouse on the right or left side of your keyboard. It needs some space to run properly. Here below, I will give you information about the basic parts of a mouse.
Left (Main) Button: This left button comes under the index finger of your right hand which is the most important button. This button is the most used.
Wheel Button: Also called center or wheel, you can use this button like pressing the left and right buttons. This is mainly done to move the screen up or down.
Right Button: We use this right button for special operations, besides right clicking it pops a up shortcut or context menu.
Mouse Body: A mouse is the size of a soap. You put the weight of your palm on the body of the mouse and use the mouse buttons using your fingers.
Special Buttons: Apart from this, the mouse has many special buttons, which are used for internet navigation and other specific functions.
What is the touchpad of a mouse called?
The touchpad of a mouse is called trackpad, glidepad, glidepoint, etc.
What is a touchpad?
A touchpad is a type of input device on laptops and some keyboards. It allows the user to move the cursor with the help of their fingers. They can also be used in place of an external mouse.
Types of Mouse
There are many types of mouse available in the market today, all with some different technology that differentiates each other in their function.
The cord mouse
A wired mouse connects directly to the computer via a cable (serial, PS/2 or USB). It draws power for its operation from the same port it is connected to, meaning it does not require external batteries.
Corded mouse are more accurate because they don’t have as many problems like signal interference or loss of performance due to low battery conditions.
A cordless or wireless mouse is a mouse that has no cables and uses wireless technology to transfer data and connect to the computer. This is great for places where you have trouble with wires or cables while traveling. This mouse requires batteries to operate. It is also a bit heavy due to the presence of batteries.
A mechanical mouse
A mechanical mouse also known as a ball mouse consists of a ball and many rollers to track the movement. This type of mouse is usually a corded type and is not as popular as an optical mouse. It has high performance but requires special cleaning from time to time.
An optical mouse uses optical electronics to track the position and movement of the mouse. They have also earned the status of standard mechanical mouse as they are more reliable than others and require less maintenance. But their performance depends on the type of surface on which they are operated.
How does Mouse work?
It must have occurred to all of us how these mouse work. So let us clear your doubts too.
How does a ball computer mouse work?
When we roll our ball mouse over our desk, the bottom ball also starts to rotate with its own weight and pushes it forward along two plastic rollers that are attached to thin wheels. One of these two wheels detects movement in up and down directions (like the y-axis on graph/chart paper); While the other wheel will track movements in one direction (like x-axis on graph/chart paper). Now the question arises, how do these wheels measure your hand movements? As you move the mouse, the ball moves the rollers, so one or both wheels spin. If you move the mouse straight up, only the y-axis wheel will turn. Similarly, if you move it to the right, only the x-axis wheel will turn. As the angle you move the mouse, the ball will move both wheels simultaneously. A small talk is also used along with it. Both wheels are made of plastic spokes and as it turns, these spokes repeatedly break the light beam. The more the wheel spins, the more the beam will break. So it has to count how many times that beam has broken, to accurately measure how much that wheel has turned and how much you’ve moved the mouse. A microchip inside the mouse does the calculations and measurements, sending all the details to the computer via a cable. The software in your computer uses this data to move the cursor on the screen as needed.
Disadvantages of Ball Mouse
- This mouse also has many problems. As it does not work on all levels. So it needs a special mouse mat.
- Even if you have a mat, the rubber ball and its rollers get dirty over time, causing the X and Y axis wheels to spin over and over again.
- So they should always be kept clean. Another option is to use an optical mouse.
How does an optical mouse work?
An optical mouse works in a completely different way. It has an LED mounted on the back of the mouse that shines above the desk. This light bounces straight back to the back of the desk, where there is a photocell (photoelectric cell), which is also mounted under the mouse, and which is located a short distance from the LED.
In front of this photocell is a lens that amplifies the reflected light, so that the mouse can accurately track your hand movements. As you move the mouse across the desk, the pattern of reflected light also changes and the chip inside the mouse detects how your hands are moving.
Some optical mouse also has two LEDs. One who shines on the table and knows the moves. The other is mounted on the back of the mouse and shows whether the mouse is working or not. The rest of the mouse works the same way.
Disadvantages of an optical mouse
- Although this optical mouse is much better than the earlier ball mouse, it also has some drawbacks as it is connected to the computer through a wire.
- It needs something in its base to work with so it can work well with light reflection. And you can’t work it remotely because it’s more than a wire.
- This increases the usefulness of the wireless mouse.
How does a wireless mouse work?
There is not much difference in the operation of this wireless mouse compared to the optical mouse. They also detect motion like an optical mouse.
The difference here is only in the medium of sending the data to the computer. Here, instead of a USB cable, data is transferred through a wireless connection.
Here the power required to operate the mouse comes from an external battery. All other mouse operations are similar to an optical mouse.
Disadvantages of wireless mouse
- Its biggest disadvantage is that it requires external batteries to operate.
- On the other hand, if the battery suddenly dies, the user has to face a lot of trouble with the mouse. Also, it is quite heavy due to the presence of the battery. Also, it is the most expensive.
The future of the mouse
As technology advances, the mouse is also included in this line. Where earlier we used a ball mouse, now a wireless mouse is used. Gradually more mouse use may also cease as the rise of AI (Artificial Intelligence) has now increased the demand for voice commands. People need more facilities, they don’t want to use their hands for a job. In such a case, the day is not far when the mouse will only live according to an ancient tool. But there is still time for that to happen. Let’s see what the future has in store for us.
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